【学习条记】第13章:计算机网络名词缩写汇总

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[学习条记]第13章_计算机网络名词缩写汇总.pdf

ACK:ACKnowledgement,确认

ADSL:Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line,非对称数字用户线

AES:Advanced Encryption Standard,先进的加密尺度

AF PHB:Assured Forwarding Per-Hop Behavior,确保转发每跳行为:也可记为AF,

AH:Authentication Header,判别首部

AIMD:Additive Increase Multiplicative Decrease,加法增大乘法减小

AN:Access Network,接入网

ANSI:American National Standards Institute,美国国家尺度协会

AP:Access Point,接入点

AP:Application,应用程序

API:Application Programming Interface,应用编程接口

APNIC:Asia Pacific Network Information Center,亚太网络信息中央

ARIN:American Registry for Internet Numbers,美国互联网号码注册机构

ARP:Address Resolution Protocol,地址剖析协议

ARPA:Advanced Research Project Agency,美国国防部远景研究规划局:高级研究计划署,

ARQ:Automatic Repeat reQuest,自动重传请求

AS:Autonomous System,自治系统

AS:Authentication Server,判别服务器

ASCII:American Standard Code for Information Interchange,美国信息交流尺度码

ASN:Autonomous System Number,自治系统号

ASN.1:Abstract Syntax Notation One,抽象语法记法1

ATM:Asynchronous Transfer Mode,异步通报方式

ATU:Access Termination Unit,接入端接单元

ATU-C:Access Termination Unit Central Office,端局接入端接单元

ATU-R:Access Termination Unit Remote,远端接入端接单元

AVTWG:Audio/Video Transport Working Group,音频/视频运输工作组

AWT:Abstract Window Toolkit,抽象窗口工具箱

Bcc:Blind carbon copy,盲复写副本

BER:Bit Error Rate,误码率

BER:Basic Encoding Rule,基本编码规则

BGP:Border Gateway Protocol,界限网关协议

BOOTP:BOOTstrap Protocol,指导程序协议

BSA:Basic Service Area,基本服务区

BSC:Base Station Controller,基站控制器

BSS:Basic Service Set,基本服务集

BSSID:Basic Service Set ID,基本服务集标识符

BT:BitTorrent,一种P2P应用程序

CA:Certification Authority,认证中央

CA:Collision Avoidance,碰撞制止

CATV:Community Antenna TV,CAble TV,有线电视

CBT:Core Based Tree,基于焦点的转发树

Cc:Carbon copy,复写副本

CCIR:Consultative Committee,International Radio,国际无线电咨询委员会

CCITT:Consultative Committee,International Telegraph and Telephone,国际电报电话咨询委员会

CDM:Code Division Multiplexing,码分复用

CDMA:Code Division Multiplex Access,码分多址

CE:Consumer Electronics,消费电子装备

CFI:Canonical Format Indicator,规范花样指示符

CGI:Common Gateway Interface,通用网关接口

CHAP:Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol,口令握手判别协议

CIDR:Classless InterDomain Routing,无分类域间路由选择

CNAME:Canonical NAME,规范名

CNNIC:China Network Information Center,中国互联网络信息中央

CRC:Cyclic Redundancy Check,循环冗余磨练

CS-ACELP:Conjugate-Structure Algebraic-Code-Excited Linear Prediction,共轭结构代数码激励线性展望

:声码器,

CSMA/CD:Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection,,载波监听多点接入/冲突检测

CSMA/CA:Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance,,载波监听多点接入/冲突制止

CSRC:Contributing SouRCe identifier,介入源标识符

CSS:Cascading Style Sheets,层叠样式表

CTS:Clear To Send,允许发送

DACS:Digital Access and Cross-connect System,数字交接系统

DARPA:Defense Advanced Research Project Agency,美国国防部远景规划局:高级研究署,

DCF:Distributed Coordination Function,漫衍协调功效

DDoS:Distributed Denial of Service,漫衍式拒绝服务

DES:Data Encryption Standard,数据加密尺度

DF:Don’t Fragment,不能分片

DHCP:Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol,动态主机设置协议

DiffServ:Differentiated Services,区分服务

DIFS:Distributed Coordination Function IFS,漫衍协调功效帧间距离

DLCI:Data Link Connection Identifier,数据链路毗邻标识符

DMT:Discrete Multi-Tone,离散多音:调制,

DNS:Domain Name System,域名系统

DOCSIS:Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications,电缆数据服务接口规约

DoS:Denial of Service,拒绝服务

DS:Distribution System,分配系统

DS:Differentiated Services,区分服务:也写作DiffServ,

DSCP:Differentiated Services CodePoint,区分服务码点

DSL:Digital Subscriber Line,数字用户线

DSLAM:DSL Access Multiplexer,数字用户线接入复用器

DSSS:Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum,直接序列扩频

DVMRP:Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol,距离向量多播路由选择协议

DWDM:Dense WDM,麋集波分复用

EBCDIC:Extended Binary-Coded Decimal Interchange Code,扩充的二/十进制交流码

EDFA:Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier,掺铒光纤放大器

EDGE:Enhanced Data rate for GSM Evolution,增强型数据速率GSM演进

EFM:Ethernet in the First Mile,第一英里的以太网

EF PHB:Expedited Forwarding Per-Hop Behavior,迅速转发每跳行为:也可记为EF,

EGP:External Gateway Protocol,外部网关协议

EIA:Electronic Industries Association,美国电子工业协会

EOT:End Of Transmission,传输竣事

EPON:Ethernet PON,以太网无源光网络

ESMTP:Extended SMTP,扩充的简朴邮件传送协议

ESP:Encapsulating Security Payload,封装平安有效载荷

ESS:Extended Service Set,扩展的服务集

ETSI:European Telecommunications Standards Institute,欧洲电信尺度协会

EUI:Extended Unique Identifier,扩展的唯一标识符

FC:Fiber Channel,光纤通道

FCS:Frame Check Sequence,帧磨练序列

FDDI:Fiber Distributed Data Interface,光纤漫衍式数据接口

FDM:Frequency Division Multiplexing,频分复用

FEC:Forwarding Equivalence Class,转发等价类

FFD:Full-Function Device,全功效装备

FHSS:Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum,跳频扩频

FIFO:First In First Out,先进先出

FQ:Fair Queuing,公正排队

FTP:File Transfer Protocol,文件传送协议

FTTB:Fiber To The Building,光纤到大楼

FTTC:Fiber To The Curb,光纤到路边

FTTD:Fiber To The Door,光纤到门户

FTTF:Fiber To The Floor,光纤到楼层

FTTH:Fiber To The Home,光纤抵家

FTTN:Fiber To The Neighbor,光纤到邻区

FTTO:Fiber To The Office,光纤到办公室

FTTZ:Fiber To The Zone,光纤到小区

GGSN:Gateway GPRS Support Node,网关GPRS支持结点

GIF:Graphics Interchange Format,图形交流花样

G/L:Global/Local,全球/内陆治理:位,

GMSK:Gaussian filtered Minimum Shift Keying,高斯滤波最小移频键控

GPON:Gigabit PON,吉比特无源光网络

GPRS:General Packet Radio Service,通用分组无线服务

GSM:Global System for Mobile,全球移动通讯系统,GSM体制

HDLC:High-level Data Link Control,高级数据链路控制

HDSL:High speed DSL,高速数字用户线

HFC:Hybrid Fiber Coax,光纤同轴夹杂:网,

HIPPI:HIgh-Performance Parallel Interface,高性能并行接口

HLR:Home Location Register,归属位置寄存器

HR-DSSS:High Rate Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum,高速直接序列扩频

HSSG:High Speed Study Group,高速研究组

HTML:HyperText Markup Language,超文本符号语言

HTTP:HyperText Transfer Protocol,超文本传送协议

IAB:Internet Architecture Board,互联网体系结构委员会

IANA:Internet Assigned Numbers Authority,互联网赋号治理局

ICANN:Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers,互联网名字和数字分配机构

ICMP:Internet Control Message Protocol,网际控制报文协议

IDEA:International Data Encryption Algorithm,国际数据加密算法

IDS:Intrusion Detection System,入侵检测系统

IEEE:Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,:美国,电气和电子工程师学会

IESG:Internet Engineering Steering Group,互联网工程指导小组

IETF:Internet Engineering Task Force,互联网工程部

IFS:InterFrame Space,帧间距离

I/G:Individual/Group,单个站/组地址:位,

IGMP:Internet Group Management Protocol,网际组治理协议

IGP:Interior Gateway Protocol,内部网关协议

IKE:Internet Key Exchange,互联网密钥交流

IM:Instant Messaging,即时传信

IMAP:Internet Message Access Protocol,网际报文存取协议

IND:Inverse-Neighbor-Discovery,反向邻站发现

IntServ:Integrated Services,综合服务

IP:Internet Protocol,网际协议

IPCP:IP Control Protocol,IP控制协议

IPng:IP Next Generation,下一代的IP

IPRA:Internet Policy Registration Authority,互联网政策挂号治理机构

IPsec:IP security,IP平安协议

IPX:Internet Packet Exchange,Novell公司的一种连网协议

IR:Infra Red,红外手艺

IRSG:Internet Research Steering Group,互联网研究指导小组

IRTF:Internet Research Task Force,互联网研究部

ISAKMP:Internet Secure Association and Key Management Mechanism,互联网平安关联和密钥治理协议

ISDN:Integrated Services Digital Network,综合营业数字网

ISO:International Organization for Standardization,国际尺度化组织

ISOC:Internet Society,互联网协会

ISM:Industrial,Scientific,and Medical,工业、科学与医药:频段,

ISP:Internet Service Provider,互联网服务提供者

ITU:International Telecommunication Union,国际电信同盟

ITU-T:ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector,国际电信同盟电信尺度化部门

JPEG:Joint Photographic Expert Group,团结图像专家组

JVM:Java Virtual Machine,Java虚拟机

KDC:Key Distribution Center,密钥分配中央

LACNIC:Latin American&Caribbean Network Internet Center,拉美与加勒比海网络信息中央

LAN:Local Area Network,局域网

LCP:Link Control Protocol,链路控制协议

LDP:Label Distribution Protocol,符号分配协议

LED:Light Emitting Diode,发光二极管

LMDS:Local Multipoint Distribution System,内陆多点分配系统

LLC:Logical Link Control,逻辑链路控制

LoS:Line of Sight,视距

LPC:linear Prediction Coding,线性展望编码

LSP:Label Switched Path,符号交流路径

LSR:Label Switching Router,符号交流路由器

LTE:Long-Term Evolution,历久演进

MAC:Medium Access Control,媒体接入控制

MAC:Message Authentication Code,报文判别码

MACA:Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance,具有碰撞制止的多点接入

MAGIC:Mobile multimedia,A nytime/any-where,Global mobility support,Integrated wireless and Customized personal service,移动多媒体、任何时间/地址、支持全球移动性、综合无线和定制的小我私家服务

MAN:Metropolitan Area Network,城域网

MANET:Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks,移动自组网络的工作组

MBONE:Multicast Backbone On the InterNEt,多播主干网

MCU:Multipoint Control Unit,多点控制单元

【Android】EventReminder使用教程(日历事件导出封装库)

MD:Message Digest,报文摘要

MF:More Fragment,另有分片

MFTP:Multisource File Transfer Protocol,多源文件传输协议

MIB:Management Information Base,治理信息库

MIME:Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions,通用互联网邮件扩充

MIMO:Multiple Input Multiple Output,多入多出

MIPS:Million Instructions Per Second,百万指令每秒

MLD:Multicast Listener Delivery,多播听众交付

MMUSIC:Multiparty MUltimedia SessIon Control,多介入者多媒体会话控制

MOSPF:Multicast extensions to OSPF,开放最短通路优先的多播扩展

MP3:MPEG Audio layer-3,一种音频压缩尺度

MPEG:Motion Picture Experts Group,流动图像专家组

MPLS:MultiProtocol Label Switching,多协议符号交流

MPPS:Million Packets Per Second,百万分组每秒

MRU:Maximum Receive Unit,最大吸收单元

MSC:Mobile Switching Center,移动交流中央

MSL:Maximum Segment Lifetime,最长报文段寿命

MSRN:Mobile Station Roaming Number,移动站周游号码

MSS:Maximum Segment Size,最长报文段

MTU:Maximum Transfer Unit,最大传送单元

NAP:Network Access Point,网络接入点

NAT:Network Address Translation,网络地址转换

NAV:Network Allocation Vector,网络分配向量

NCP:Network Control Protocol,网络控制协议

ND:Neighbor-Discovery,邻站发现

NFS:Network File System,网络文件系统

NGI:Next Generation Internet,下一代互联网

NGN:Next Generation Network,下一代电信网

NIC:Network Interface Card,网络接口卡、网卡

NLA:Next-Level Aggregation,下一级聚合

NLRI:Network Layer Reachability Information,网络层可达性信息

NOC:Network Operations Center,网络运行中央

NSAP:Network Service Access Point,网络层服务访问点

NSF:National Science Foundation,:美国,国家科学基金会

NVT:Network Virtual Terminal,网络虚拟终端

OC:Optical Carrier,光载波

ODN:Optical Distribution Network,光配线网

ODN:Optical Distribution Node,光分配结点

OFDM:Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing,正交频分复用

OLT:Optical Line Terminal,光线路终端

ONU:Optical Network Unit,光网络单元

OSI/RM:Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model,开放系统互连基本参考模子

OSPF:Open Shortest Path First,开放最短通路优先

OUI:Organizationally Unique Identifier,机构唯一标识符

P2P:Peer-to-Peer,对等方式

PAN:Personal Area Network,小我私家区域网

PAP:Password Authentication Protocol,口令判别协议

PARC:Polo Alto Research Center,:美国施乐公司:XEROX,的,PARC研究中央

PAWS:Protect Against Wrapped Sequence numbers,防止序号绕回

PCA:Policy Certification Authority,政策认证中央

PCF:Point Coordination Function,点协调功效

PCM:Pulse Code Modulation,脉码调制

PCMCIA:Personal Computer Memory Card Interface Adapter,小我私家计算机存储器卡接口适配器

PDA:Personal Digital Assistant,小我私家数字助理

PDF:Portable Document Forment,轻巧文档花样

PDU:Protocol Data Unit,协议数据单元

PEM:Privacy Enhanced Mail,互联网的正式邮件加密尺度

PGP:Pretty Good Privacy,一种电子邮件加密手艺

PHB:Per-Hop Behavior,每跳行为

PIFS:Point Coordination Function IFS,点协调功效帧间距离

PIM-DM:Protocol Independent Multicast-Dense Mode,协议无关多播-麋集方式

PIM-SM:Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse Mode,协议无关多播-希罕方式

PING:Packet InterNet Groper,分组网间探测,乒程序,ICMP的一种应用

PK:public key,公钥,公开密钥

PKI:Public Key Infrastructure,公钥基础结构

PLMN:Public Land Mobile Network,公共陆地移动网络

PON:Passive Optical Network,无源光网络

PoP:Point of Presence,汇接点

POP:Post Office Protocol,邮局协议

POTS:Plain Old Telephone Service,传统电话

PPP:Point-to-Point Protocol,点对点协议

PPPoE:Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet,以太网上的点对点协议

PS:POTS Splitter,电话分离器

PTE:Path Terminating Element,路径端接装备

QAM:Quadrature Amplitude Modulation,正交幅度调制

QoS:Quality of Service,服务质量

QPSK:Quarternary Phase Shift Keying或Quadrature Phase Shift Keying,正交相移键控

RA:Registration Authority,注册治理机构

RARP:Reverse Address Resolution Protocol,逆地址剖析协议

RAS:Registration/Admission/Status,挂号/接纳/状态

RED:Random Early Detection,随机早期检测

RED:Random Early Discard,Random Early Drop,随机早期抛弃

RESV:RESerVation,预留

RFC:Request For Comments,请求谈论

RFD:Reduced-Function Device,精简功效装备

RG:Research Group,研究组

RIP:Routing Information Protocol,路由信息协议

RIPE:法文示意的European IP Network,欧洲的IP网络

RPB:Reverse Path Broadcasting,反向路径广播

RR:Receiver Report,吸收端讲述:分组,

RSA:Rivest,Shamir and Adleman,用三小我私家名示意的一种公开密钥算法的名称,

RSVP:Resource reSerVation Protocol,资源预留协议

RTCP:Real-time Transfer Control Protocol,实时传送控制协议

RTO:Retransmission Time-Out,超时重传时间

RTP:Real-time Transport Protocol,实时运输协议

RTS:Request To Send,请求发送

RTSP:Real-Time Streaming Protocol,实时流式协议

RTT:Round-Trip Time,往返时间

SA:Security Association,平安关联

SACK:Selective ACK,选择确认

SAD:Security Association Database,平安关联数据库

SAP:Service Access Point,服务访问点

SCTP:Stream Control Transmission Protocol,流控制传输协议

SDH:Synchronous Digital Hierarchy,同步数字系列

SDP:Session Description Protocol,会话形貌协议

SDSL:Single-line DSL,1对线的数字用户线

SDU:Service Data Unit,服务数据单元

SET:Secure Electronic Transaction,平安电子买卖

SGSN:Serving GPRS Support Node,GPRS服务支持结点

SHA:Secure Hash Algorithm,平安散列算法

SIFS:Short IFS,短帧间距离

SIM:Subscriber Identity Module,用户身份识别卡

SIP:Session Initiation Protocol,会话提议协议

SK:Secret Key,秘钥

SKEME:Secure Key Exchange Mechanism,平安密钥交流机制

SLA:Service Level Agreement,服务品级协定

SMI:Structure of Management Information,治理信息结构

SMTP:Simple Mail Transfer Protocol,简朴邮件传送协议

SNA:System Network Architecture,系统网络体系结构

SNMP:Simple Network Management Protocol,简朴网络治理协议

SOH:Start Of Header,首部最先

SONET:Synchronous Optical Network,同步光纤网

SPD:Security Policy Database,平安策略数据库

SPI:Security Parameter Index,平安参数索引

SR:Sender Reporting,发送端讲述:分组,

SRA:Seamless Rate Adaptation,无缝速率自适应手艺

SSID:Service Set IDentifier,服务集标识符

SSL:Secure Socket Layer,平安插口层,或平安套接层:协议,

SSRC:Synchronous SouRCe identifier,同步源标识符

STDM:Statistic TDM,统计时分复用

STM:Synchronous Transfer Module,同步通报模块

STP:Shielded Twisted Pair,屏障双绞线

STS:Synchronous Transport Signal,同步传送信号

TAG:TAG Switching,符号交流

TCB:Transmission Control Block,传输控制程序块

TCP:Transmission Control Protocol,传输控制协议

TDM:Time Division Multiplexing,时分复用

TD-SCDMA:Time Division-Synchronous CDMA,时分同步的码分多址

TELNET:TELetype NETwork,电传机网络,一种互联网的应用程序

TFTP:Trivial File Transfer Protocol,简朴文件传送协议

TGS:Ticket-Granting Server,票据授予服务器

TIA:Telecommunications Industries Association,电信行业协会

TLA:Top-Level Aggregation,顶级聚合

TLD:Top Level Domain,顶级域名

TLI:Transport Layer Interface,运输层接口

TLS:Transport Layer Security,运输层平安协议

TLV:Type-Length-Value,类型-长度-值

TPDU:Transport Protocol Data Unit,运输协议数据单元

TSS:Telecommunication Standardization Sector,电信尺度化部门

TTL:Time To Live,生计时间,或寿命

UA:User Agent,用户署理

UAC:User Agent Client,用户署理客户

UAS:User Agent Server,用户署理服务器

UDP:User Datagram Protocol,用户数据报协议

UIB:User Interface Box,用户接口盒

URL:Uniform Resource Locator,统一资源定位符

USIM:Universal Subscriber Identity Module,通用用户身份识别卡

UTP:Unshielded Twisted Pair,无屏障双绞线

UWB:Ultra-Wide Band,超宽带

VC:Virtual Circuit,虚电路

VCI:Virtual Channel Identifier,虚通路标识符

VDSL:Very high speed DSL,甚高速数字用户线

VID:VLAN ID,VLAN标识符

VLAN:Virtual LAN,虚拟局域网

VLR:Visitor Location Register,来访用户位置寄存器

VLSM:Variable Length Subnet Mask,变长子网掩码

VoIP:Voice over IP,在IP上的话音

VON:Voice On the Net,在互联网上的话音

VPI:Virtual Path Identifier,虚通道标识符

VPN:Virtual Private Network,虚拟专用网

VRML:Virtual Reality Modeling Language,虚拟现实建模语言

VSAT:Very Small Aperture Terminal,甚小孔径地球站

WAN:Wide Area Network,广域网

WCDMA:Wideband CDMA,宽带码分多址

WDM:Wavelength Division Multiplexing,波分复用

WEP:Wired Equivalent Privacy,有线等效保密

WFQ:Weighted Fair Queuing,加权公正排队

WG:Working Group,工作组

WGIG:Working Group on Internet Governance,互联网治理工作组

Wi-Fi:Wireless-Fidelity,无线保真度:无线局域网的同义词,

WiMAX:Worldwide interoperability for Microwave Access,全球微波接入的互操作性,即WMAN。

WISP:Wireless Internet Service Provider,无线互联网服务提供者

WLAN:Wireless Local Area Network,无线局域网

WMAN:Wireless Metropolitan Area Network,无线城域网

WPA:Wi-Fi Protected Access,无线局域网受珍爱的接入

WPAN:Wireless Personal Area Network,无线小我私家区域网

WSN:Wireless Sensor Network,无线传感器网络

WWW:World Wide Web,万维网

W3C:World Wide Web Consortium,万维网同盟

XHTML:Extensible HTML,可扩展超文本符号语言

XML:Extensible Markup Language,可扩展符号语言

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